An International Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Clinics

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2016 | September-December | Volume 8 | Issue 3

EDITORIAL

Neck Pathologies

[Year:2016] [Month:September-December] [Volume:8] [Number:3] [Pages:1] [Pages No:0 - 0]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/aijoc-8-3-iv  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

VP Singh, Aparna Bhardwaj, Apoorva K Pandey

Distributive Analysis of Head and Neck Swellings with Their Cytopathological Correlation

[Year:2016] [Month:September-December] [Volume:8] [Number:3] [Pages:8] [Pages No:89 - 96]

Keywords: Cervical lymphadenopathy,Fine needle aspiration cytology,Lymphoma,Parotid swellings,Thyroid,Tuberculosis

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10003-1239  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aim

Palpable masses in the head and neck region can arise from various structures, such as lymph node, thyroid gland, major and minor salivary glands, soft tissues, blood vessels, and neural structures. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is a simple, quick, inexpensive first-line method to evaluate such swellings and thus confirm the diagnosis. This study correlates aspiration cytology as an indispensable tool in diagnosing various head and neck swellings and their prevalence with respect to age, sex, site of origin, and nature of those masses.

Materials and methods

This study was done from January 2007 to December 2013 in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Department of Pathology. All the patients presenting with various head and neck swellings underwent FNAC, and the results were correlated with anatomical sites and frequency of occurrence and categorized into various clinicopathological groups.

Results

This study included 1,272 cases who were evaluated by FNAC for head and neck swellings. In this study, 32 patients presented with frank abscesses, 36 cases with submandibular region swellings, seven cases with submental swellings, 70 cases with various swellings in the neck and postauricular area, 47 cases with various facial and scalp swellings, two cases from oral cavity, 74 cases with parotid masses, 680 cases with lymphadenopathy, and 324 cases with thyroid lesions.

Conclusion

Fine needle aspiration cytology is a useful, reliable, cost-effective, and valuable diagnostic tool for the initial evaluation and diagnostic categorization of all superficial and deep-seated lesions in the head and neck region as it is a fairly sensitive and specific procedure in addition to being simple, rapid, accurate, and without any significant complications and above all without affecting the underlying tissue morphology altogether

How to cite this article

Pandey AK, Bhardwaj A, Maithani T, Kishore S, Singh VP. Distributive Analysis of Head and Neck Swellings with Their Cytopathological Correlation. Int J Otorhinolaryngol Clin 2016;8(3):89-96.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Sudhir Naik, BL Yatish Kumar, S Ravishankara, T Shashikumar, RM Deekshith

Modified Sistrunk Procedure: A Novel Method of Hyoid Resection using Skin Punches in Subhyoid Thyroglossal Cysts

[Year:2016] [Month:September-December] [Volume:8] [Number:3] [Pages:4] [Pages No:97 - 100]

Keywords: Hyoid bone,Sistrunk's operation,Skin punches,Thyroglossal cyst

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10003-1240  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background/objectives

Managing thyroglossal duct cyst requires surgical excision of the cyst with its tract through the tongue base. Incomplete removal results in cyst recurrence, the common complications of incompletely performed Sistrunk procedure. The Modified Sistrunk procedure using skin punches increases the easiness of surgery and chances of complete removal of the tract.

Materials and methods

Resection of the middle body of the hyoid was done by coring out the nonossified bone with 4.5 mm skin punches under 3.5× loupes and the tract above till the base.

Results

A total of 14 primary cases were operated by this slight modification, and no recurrences were seen on 1 year of follow-up.

Conclusion

Sistrunk operation is the treatment of choice for primary thyroglossal cysts. Modified Sistrunk operation using skin punches results in easy and precise coring of the hyoid bone with the tract attached to it. Secondary cysts should be treated with removal of core of tongue base muscle and foramen cecum mucosa along with hyoid and scarred cyst excision.

How to cite this article

Naik SM, Kumar BLY, Ravishankara S, Shashikumar T, Deekshith RM. Modified Sistrunk Procedure: A Novel Method of Hyoid Resection using Skin Punches in Subhyoid Thyroglossal Cysts. Int J Otorhinolaryngol Clin 2016;8(3):97-100.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Sudhir Naik, BL Yatish Kumar, S Ravishankara, T Shashikumar, R Navya, P Sathya

Kikuchi's Disease: A Rare Clinical Entity of Cervical Lymphadenopathy with Review of Literature

[Year:2016] [Month:September-December] [Volume:8] [Number:3] [Pages:5] [Pages No:101 - 105]

Keywords: Cervical lymphadenopathy,Computed tomography scan,Fine-needle aspiration cytology,Immunohistochemistry

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10003-1241  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Background and objectives

Kikuchi disease is an uncommon, idiopathic, generally self-limited cause of lymphadenitis. The disease runs a self-limiting course usually resolving in 6 to 8 months of occurrence, with the usual clinical manifestations being cervical lymphadenopathy, with or without systemic manifestations.

Materials and methods

A retrospective study was done in three cases of Kikuchi disease reported over 2 years. All three females had cervical lymphadenopathy not responding to empirical treatment. All had excision of the lymph nodes with immunohistochemistry, which suggested the necrotizing lymphadenopathy. Other similar diagnoses, like systemic lupus erythematosus, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Kawasaki, tuberculous, metastatic lymphadenopathy, were excluded.

Conclusion

The rare possibility of cervical lymphadenopathy being Kikuchi's disease should be thought if empirical therapy fails. So, a meticulous effort by the pathologist and surgeon helps in diagnosing the self-limiting, little understood disease of Kikuchi in young patients with cervical lymphadenopathy and fever.

How to cite this article

Naik SM, Kumar BLY, Ravishankara S, Shashikumar T, Navya R, Sathya P. Kikuchi's Disease: A Rare Clinical Entity of Cervical Lymphadenopathy with Review of Literature. Int J Otorhinolaryngol Clin 2016;8(3):101-105.

CASE REPORT

Ramanathan Chandrasekharan, Gaurav Ashish, Lisa Koshy, Roshna R Paul

Küttner's Tumor of the Submandibular Gland: A Rare Case Report

[Year:2016] [Month:September-December] [Volume:8] [Number:3] [Pages:3] [Pages No:106 - 108]

Keywords: Chronic sclerosing sialadenitis,Kuttner's tumor,Salivary gland,Submandibular gland

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10003-1242  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Ashish G, Chandrasekharan R, Koshy L, Paul RR. Kuttner's Tumor of the Submandibular Gland: A Rare Case Report. Int J Otorhinolaryngol Clin 2016;8(3):106-108.

CASE REPORT

Avinash Chaitanya

A Rare Case of Postauricular Fistula communicating with the Parotid Duct

[Year:2016] [Month:September-December] [Volume:8] [Number:3] [Pages:2] [Pages No:109 - 110]

Keywords: Branchial cleft anomalies,Sinogram,Superficial parotidectomy

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10003-1243  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Gupta R, Chaitanya A, Mohindroo NK, Azad R. A Rare Case of Postauricular Fistula communicating with the Parotid Duct. Int J Otorhinolaryngol Clin 2016;8(3):109-110.

CASE REPORT

Pradipta K Parida

Mastoid Bone involved by Pleomorphic Adenoma

[Year:2016] [Month:September-December] [Volume:8] [Number:3] [Pages:2] [Pages No:111 - 112]

Keywords: Cortical mastoidectomy,Mastoid bone,Pleomorphic adenoma

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10003-1244  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Vamanshankar H, Parida PK. Mastoid Bone involved by Pleomorphic Adenoma. Int J Otorhinolaryngol Clin 2016;8(3):111-112.

CASE REPORT

Manish Gupta, Nidhi Gupta

Cysticercosis Cellulosae of Sternocleidomastoid Muscle

[Year:2016] [Month:September-December] [Volume:8] [Number:3] [Pages:3] [Pages No:113 - 115]

Keywords: Cysticercus cellulosae,Infection,Muscle,Neck,Sternocleidomastoid,Taenia solium

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10003-1245  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Gupta N, Gupta M. Cysticercosis Cellulosae of Sternocleidomastoid Muscle. Int J Otorhinolaryngol Clin 2016;8(3):113-115.

CASE REPORT

Atishkumar B Gujrathi, Vijayalaxmi Ambulgekar, Shrinivas Chavan

Vagal Nerve Schwannoma: Presentation of Two Case Reports

[Year:2016] [Month:September-December] [Volume:8] [Number:3] [Pages:3] [Pages No:116 - 118]

Keywords: Benign tumor,Schwannoma,Vagus nerve

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10003-1246  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Gujrathi AB, Ambulgekar V, Chavan S. Vagal Nerve Schwannoma: Presentation of Two Case Reports. Int J Otorhinolaryngol Clin 2016;8(3):116-118.

CASE REPORT

Mohd Sayuti Razali, Kamaruzaman B Esa

Plunging Ranula mimicking Extensive Submandibular Gland Abscess: A Diagnostic Challenge

[Year:2016] [Month:September-December] [Volume:8] [Number:3] [Pages:3] [Pages No:119 - 121]

Keywords: Oral swelling,Ranula,Salivary gland

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10003-1247  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Amiruddin S, Razali MS, Esa KB. Plunging Ranula mimicking Extensive Submandibular Gland Abscess: A Diagnostic Challenge. Int J Otorhinolaryngol Clin 2016;8(3):119-121.

CASE REPORT

Ravinder Kumar, Abhishek Bhargava, Gagan Jaiswal

Imaging of the Lingual Thyroid: A Case Report and Management

[Year:2016] [Month:September-December] [Volume:8] [Number:3] [Pages:3] [Pages No:122 - 124]

Keywords: Dysphagia,Dyspnea,Imaging,Lingual thyroid

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10003-1248  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Kumar R, Bhargava A, Jaiswal G. Imaging of the Lingual Thyroid: A Case Report and Management. Int J Otorhinolaryngol Clin 2016;8(3):122-124.

CASE REPORT

Ankita Joshi, Chinmaya Sundar Ray

Primary Pleomorphic Adenoma of Minor Salivary Gland in the Parapharyngeal Space

[Year:2016] [Month:September-December] [Volume:8] [Number:3] [Pages:3] [Pages No:125 - 127]

Keywords: Minor salivary gland,Parapharyngeal space,Pleomorphic adenoma

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10003-1249  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Ray CS, Joshi A. Primary Pleomorphic Adenoma of Minor Salivary Gland in the Parapharyngeal Space. Int J Otorhinolaryngol Clin 2016;8(3):125-127.

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