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VOLUME 16 , ISSUE 1 ( January-April, 2024 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Development of Articulation Test in Garhwali Language: A Preliminary Study

Mukesh Sharma, Sampan Singh Bist, Santosh Kumar

Keywords : Age, Articulation, Language

Citation Information : Sharma M, Bist SS, Kumar S. Development of Articulation Test in Garhwali Language: A Preliminary Study. Int J Otorhinolaryngol Clin 2024; 16 (1):5-7.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10003-1500

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 11-04-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Purpose: The present study aimed at the development of a test of articulation in the Garhwali language. Method: A total of 550 meaningful Garhwali words with all phonemes in their naturally occurring positions, that is, initial, medial, and final were selected. A 5-point familiarity scale was used and was given to 10 Garhwali-speaking adults to rate the word list. Finally, the test includes 110 words. The articulation test was administered to 32 typically developing children in the age range of 3–7 years to obtain normative data. There were four groups such as 3.0–4.0 years, 4.1–5.0 years, 5.1–6.0 years, and 6.1–7.0 years. The mean articulation scores were obtained for each age group. The test material was administered 2 times to the same children to obtain the test–retest reliability. Further, the test was administered on three children with misarticulation to find the face validity. Results: The results indicated that the mean articulation scores increased with an increase in age. The result also revealed that there were relatively lower scores for males than females in all age groups. Conclusion: The present study concludes that the articulation test in the Garhwali language is useful and also will help in analyzing speech sound disturbances in Garhwali children.

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