Improvements in voice rehabilitation over the past century have paralleled the surgical success of laryngectomy. The establishment of the tracheoesophageal puncture marked a turning point in the development of successful and dependable voice rehabilitation. Surgical options include both primary and secondary placement of a tracheoesophageal puncture. Though complications, such as pharyngoesophageal spasm or prosthesis leakage may occur, patients should expect functional voice restoration after laryngectomy.
Panel discussion: The historical development of laryngectomy. VA century of progress of laryngectomies in the northern hemisphere. Laryngoscope 1975;85:322–32.
Tracheoesophageal speech: Vocal rehabilitation after total laryngectomy. Laryngoscope 1983;93:1454–65.
Current status of laryngectomee rehabilitation: I. Results of therapy. Am J Otolaryngol 1982;3:1–7.
Vocal rehabilitation of laryngectomees. Preliminary report of a new technic. Am J Surg 1972;124: 87–90.
An endoscopic technique for restoration of voice after laryngectomy. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1980;89:529–33.
Communication after laryngectomy. An assessment of patient satisfaction. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1997;123:493–96.
Secondary tracheoesophageal puncture: Factors predictive of voice quality and prosthesis use. Head Neck 1996;18:393–98.
Tracheoesophageal voice restoration following total laryngectomy, in Myers E, JY S (Eds): Cancer of the head and neck (3rd ed). Philadelphia, Saunders, 1996;839–52.
An improved esophageal insufflation test. Arch Otolaryngol 1985;111:211–12.
Secondary tracheoesophageal puncture using a KTP laser. Laryngoscope 2000;110:1574–77.
Using an endotracheal tube in difficult secondary tracheoesophageal puncture: A novel technique. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2001;125:117–19.
Secondary tracheoesophageal puncture with in-office transnasal esophagoscopy. Arch Otolaryngol Head and Neck Surg 2009;135:1190–94.
Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2001;110:613–16.
Primary vocal rehabilitation using the Blom-Singer and Panje voice prostheses. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1982;91:458–60.
Primary voice restoration at laryngectomy. Arch Otolaryngol 1985111:182–86.
Does primary tracheoesophageal puncture reduce complications after laryngectomy and improve patient communication? Am J Otolaryngol 2001;22:324–28.
Pharyngeal plexus neurectomy for alaryngeal speech rehabilitation. Laryngoscope 1986;96:50–54.
Operative prevention and management of voice-limiting pharyngoesophageal spasm. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2004;37:547–58.
Functional outcome after surgery for prevention of pharyngospasms in tracheoesophageal speakers. Part I: Speech characteristics. Laryngoscope 1995;105:1093–103.
Voice rehabilitation after total laryngectomy and tracheoesophageal puncture using nonmuscle closure. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1993;102:792–96.
Nonclosure of pharyngeal muscle after laryngectomy. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1990;99:507–08.
Botulinum toxin injection for postlaryngectomy tracheoesophageal speech failure. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1995;113:788–91.
Prevention of pharyngoesophageal spasm after laryngectomy with a halfmuscle closure technique. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2000;109:514–28.
Selective myotomy for voice restoration after total laryngectomy. Arch Otolaryngol 1981;107:670–73.
Surgical treatment of pharyngoesophageal spasm. Laryngoscope 1988;98:1124–26.
Management of pharyngoesophageal spasm with Botox. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2004;37:559–66.
Botulinum neurotoxin injection after total laryngectomy. Head Neck 1997;19:92–97.
Botulinum neurotoxin for pharyngeal constrictor muscle spasm in tracheoesophageal voice restoration. Laryngoscope 2003;113:1479–82.
Further experience with Botox injection for tracheoesophageal speech failure. Head and Neck 2001;23:456–60.
A decade of postlaryngectomy vocal rehabilitation in 318 patients: A single Institution's experience with consistent application of provox indwelling voice prostheses. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2000;126:1320–28.
A new problemsolving indwelling voice prosthesis, eliminating the need for frequent Candida- and “underpressure”-related replacements: Provox ActiValve. Acta Otolaryngol 2003;123:972–79.