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VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 2 ( May-August, 2023 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Anxiety and Depression in Chronic Rhinosinusitis

Neha Thakur, Dinesh Dutt Sharma, Ramesh K Azad, Surbhi Dadwal, Jagdeep S Thakur

Keywords : Anxiety, Chronic rhinosinusitis, Depression, Mental health

Citation Information : Thakur N, Sharma DD, Azad RK, Dadwal S, Thakur JS. Anxiety and Depression in Chronic Rhinosinusitis. Int J Otorhinolaryngol Clin 2023; 15 (2):76-78.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10003-1451

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 21-12-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Abstract

Introduction: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a complex disease that affects not only the nose and sinuses but also has broad effects throughout the body. It is associated with a decreased quality of life, affecting the physical and emotional aspects of daily function, the latter of which could manifest as depression and anxiety. Studies reported depression in 9–25% of CRS patients. Given the negative impact of depression and anxiety on the clinical outcomes of CRS, better screening for undiagnosed depression and anxiety, and improved understanding of the complex interplay between CRS-associated depression and anxiety are needed. Aim: To find the association of anxiety and depression in chronic rhinosinusitis. Materials and methods: We assessed 36 CRS patients while comparing them with an equal number of chronic otitis media patients using BAI and BDI-II scores. Results: The CRS group showed high BAI and BDI-II scores as compared with the control group, but only BDI-II was found statistically significant. Twenty-five percent of CRS cases were suffering with anxiety as compared to 11.1% of control groups. Similarly, 11.1% of CRS had depression as compared with 5.6%. Conclusion: This is the first Indian study that evaluated mental health problems in CRS patients and found higher BAI and BDI-II scores. These observations require further validation through a large sample study.


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