Introduction: Recently with technology boom, the prevalence of mobile phones and listening to music with earphones/headphones has increased in young adults. This study will help us to understand music-listening habit in Indian population and correlate with hearing loss with their music-listening habit.
Methods: This is an observational study including 100 participants who underwent self-filled questionnaire regarding their music-listening habits. Pure-tone audiometry was conducted on them. Their hearing loss was correlated with duration of usage, volume, and type of transducer using Fischer\'s test.
Results: Out of 100 participants, 61% were males and 39% were females, all of 18–25 age-group. In the type of devices, earphones, headphones, and speaker were used by 82, 10, and 8%, respectively. Hearing loss was present in 41%. Bilateral mixed hearing loss was in 59.2%. Isolated right and left side sensorineural loss was 7 and 5, respectively. Out of 100 participants, 31 were considered exposed, out of which 71% developed mild hearing loss, which was statistically significant (p-value <0.001), and 65.8% had bilateral hearing loss. Isolated right-sided and isolated left-sided hearing loss was present in 19.5% and 14.6% of participants, respectively.
Conclusion: Listening to music with personal listening device that causes hearing loss is a known fact. A significant number of participants had bilateral hearing loss. Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is the commonest form of hearing loss due to amplified music exposure. Listening to amplified music for more than 2 hours, every day, and for more than 2 years was significantly associated with hearing loss.
Barcelos DD, Dazzi NS. Efeitos do MP3 Player na audiç~ao, Rev. CEFAC 2014;16(3):779–791. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1982-0216201422112.
Daniel E. Noise and hearing loss: a review. J Sch Health 2007;77(5): 225–231. DOI: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.2007.00197.x.
Naik K, Pai S. High frequency hearing loss in students used to ear phone music: a randomized trial of 1,000 students. Indian J Otol 2014;20(1):29–32. DOI: 10.4103/0971-7749.129808.
Chung JH, Des Roches DM, Meunier J, et al. Evaluation of noise-induced hearing loss in young people using a web-based survey technique. Pediatrics 2005;115(4):861–867. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2004-0173.
Balanay JG, Kearney GD. Attitudes toward noise, perceived hearing symptoms, and reported use of hearing protection among college students: Influence of youth culture. Noise Health 2015;17(79): 394–405. DOI: 10.4103/1463-1741.169701.
Mostafapour SP, Lahargoue K, Gates GA. Noise-induced hearing loss in young adults: the role of personal listening devices and other sources of leisure noise. Laryngoscope 1998;108(12):1832–1839. DOI: 10.1097/00005537-199812000-00013.
Henderson E, Testa MA, Hartnick C. Prevalence of noise induced hearing threshold shifts and hearing loss among US youths. Pediatrics 2011;127(1):39–46. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2010-0926.
Holmes AE, Niskar AS, Kieszak SM, et al. Mean and Median hearing thresholds among children 6 to 19 yrs of age: the Third National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey 1988 to 1994, United States. Ear Hear 2004;25(4):397–402. DOI: 10.1097/01.aud.0000134553.60120.3a.
Tadashige Mori. Effects of record music on hearing loss among young workers in a shipyard Int Arch Occup Environ Health 1985;56(2):91–97. DOI: 10.1007/BF00379380.
Levey S, Levey T, Fligor BJ, et al. Noise exposure estimates of urbanMP3 player uses. J Speech Lang Hear Res 2011;54(1):263–277. DOI: 10.1044/1092-4388(2010/09-0283).
Quintanilla-Dieck Mde L, Artunduaga MA, Eavey RD. Intentional exposure to loud music: the second MTV.com survey reveals an opportunity to educate. J Pediatr 2009;155(4):550–555. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2009.04.053.
Pilati N, Ison MJ, Barker M, et al. Mechanisms contributing to central excitability changes during hearing loss. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2012;109(21):8292–8297. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1116981109.
Kim MG, Hong SM, Shim HJ, et al. Hearing threshold of Korean adolescents associated with the use of personal music players. Yonsei Med J 2009;50(6):771–776. DOI: 10.3349/ymj.2009.50.6.771.
Fligor BJ, Cox LC. Output levels of commercially available portable compact disc players and the potential risk to hearing. Ear Hear 2004;25(6):513–527. DOI: 10.1097/00003446-200412000-00001.