Introduction: Recently with technology boom, the prevalence of mobile phones and listening to music with earphones/headphones has increased in young adults. This study will help us to understand music-listening habit in Indian population and correlate with hearing loss with their music-listening habit.
Methods: This is an observational study including 100 participants who underwent self-filled questionnaire regarding their music-listening habits. Pure-tone audiometry was conducted on them. Their hearing loss was correlated with duration of usage, volume, and type of transducer using Fischer's test.
Results: Out of 100 participants, 61% were males and 39% were females, all of 18–25 age-group. In the type of devices, earphones, headphones, and speaker were used by 82, 10, and 8%, respectively. Hearing loss was present in 41%. Bilateral mixed hearing loss was in 59.2%. Isolated right and left side sensorineural loss was 7 and 5, respectively. Out of 100 participants, 31 were considered exposed, out of which 71% developed mild hearing loss, which was statistically significant (p-value <0.001), and 65.8% had bilateral hearing loss. Isolated right-sided and isolated left-sided hearing loss was present in 19.5% and 14.6% of participants, respectively.
Conclusion: Listening to music with personal listening device that causes hearing loss is a known fact. A significant number of participants had bilateral hearing loss. Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is the commonest form of hearing loss due to amplified music exposure. Listening to amplified music for more than 2 hours, every day, and for more than 2 years was significantly associated with hearing loss.
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