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VOLUME 14 , ISSUE 1 ( January-April, 2022 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Principles in Malignant Otitis Externa

Sergul Ulus, Eyup Baz, Bulent Evren Erkul, Ibrahim Engin Cekin

Keywords : Malignant otitis externa, Mastoidectomy, Necrotizing otitis externa

Citation Information : Ulus S, Baz E, Erkul BE, Cekin IE. Principles in Malignant Otitis Externa. Int J Otorhinolaryngol Clin 2022; 14 (1):1-6.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10003-1415

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 22-04-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Abstract

Objective: Malignant otitis externa (MOE) is a serious and recalcitrant disease with its morbidity and mortality. This infection and inflammation can spread easily and attack cranial nerves (CNs) and the skull base, even though it starts with simple otitis externa. Methods: This retrospective observational study agglomerates 10 MOE cases, including their diagnosis, follow-up, and treatment. Results: Otalgia that especially increases at night was the most common symptom. Diabetes was present in all patients. Seven cases had associated facial palsy. Half of the patients underwent mastoidectomy. Six patients were cured of MOE. Conclusion: Management of diabetes is the first step of the treatment. In our study, we could not demonstrate the contribution of mastoidectomy to the outcome. Resolution of cranial neuropathy is associated with good prognostic signs.


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