An International Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Clinics

Register      Login

VOLUME 12 , ISSUE 3 ( September-December, 2020 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Sensorineural Hearing Loss among Hypertensive Patients: A Clinical Study

Shivakumar Senniappan, Anjali M Panicker, Gowri Paramasivam

Keywords : Adults, High frequency audiometry, Sensorineural hearing loss

Citation Information :

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10003-1360

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 00-12-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Sensorineural deafness is a bilateral, progressive hearing loss of gradual onset which predominantly affects the higher frequencies and old patients. Hypertension, being the most common vascular disorder, may facilitate structural changes in the heart and blood vessels. High pressure in the vascular system may cause inner ear hemorrhage, which may cause progressive or sudden hearing loss.


PDF Share
  1. Gates G, Cobb JL, DAgostino RB, et al. The relation of hearing in the elderly to the presence of cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular risk factors. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1993;119(2):156–161. DOI: 10.1001/archotol.1993.01880140038006.
  2. Makishima K. Arteriolar sclerosis as a cause of presbycusis. Otolaryngology 1978;86(2):322–326. DOI: 10.1177/019459987808600225.
  3. Rosen S. Presbycusis study of a relatively noise-free population in the Sudan. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1962;71:727. DOI: 10.1177/000348946207100313.
  4. Nazar J, Otárola F, Acevedo L. Audición del paciente hipertenso crónico controlado. Rev Otorrinolaringol Cir Cabeza Cuello 1992;52(2):97–104. DOI: 10.1016/S1808-8694(15)31001-6.
  5. Chen YL, Ding YP. Relationship between hypertension and hearing disorders in the elderly. East Afr Med 1999;76(6):344-7. DOI: 10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20184054.
  6. Brohem V M, Caovilla HH, Ganança MM. Dos sintomas e achados audiológicos vestibulares em indivíduos com hipertensão arterial. Acta Awho 1996;15(1):4–10. DOI: 10.1590/S0034-72992006000400016.
  7. Marchiori LLM, Freitas SV, Vieira M. Análise de prevalência das queixas e perdas auditivas de pacientes com hipertensão arterial submetidos à avaliação audiológica. São Paulo: Pancast Fono Atual 2002;21(2):97–104. DOI: 10.1590/S0034-729920060004000165.
  8. Carrasco VN, Prazma J, Faber JE. Cochlear microcirculation effect of adrenergic agonists on arteriole diameter. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1990;116(4):411–417. DOI: 10.1001/archotol.1990.01870040033009.
  9. Leitschuh M, Chobanian A. Vascular changes in hypertension. Med Clin North Am 1987;71(5):827–841. DOI: 10.1016/S0025-7125(16)30811-2.
  10. Hansen CC, Denmark A. Perceptive hearing loss and arterial hypertension. Arch Otolaryngol 1968;87(2):119–122. DOI: 10.1001/archotol.1968.00760060121005.
  11. Rey JF, Morello-Castro G, Curto JLB. Factores de riesco involucrados em la presbiacusia. Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp 2002;53(8):572–577. DOI: 10.1016/S0001-6519(02)78350-7.
  12. Yan-Lin C, Ding YP. Relationship between hypertension and hearing disorders in the elderly. East Afr Med J 1999;76(6):344–347. DOI: S1808-8694(15)31001-6.
  13. Baraldi GS, Almeida LC, Borgea ACLC. Hearing loss and hypertension: findings in an older by group. Rev Bras Otorrinolaringol 2004;70(5):640–644. DOI: 10.1590/S0034-72992004000500010.
  14. Agarwal S, Mishra A, Jagade M, et al. Effects of hypertension on hearing. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2013;65(Suppl. 3):614–618. DOI: 10.1007/s12070-013-0630-1.
  15. Tan TY, Rahmat O, Prepageran N, et al. Hypertensive retinopathy and sensorineural hearing loss. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2009;61(4):275–279. DOI: 10.1007/s12070-009-0082-9.
  16. Karmarkar A. Determination of relationship and frequency of sensorineural hearing loss in previously diagnosed diabetes mellitus and/or hypertensive adults using qualitative semi-structured interviews. South Am J Clin Res Special Ed 2016. DOI: 10.21522/TIJCR.2014.03.01.Art016.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.